Dizziness is a common symptom that can occur with a disturbance in almost every system of the body. However, dizziness rarely signals a life-threatening condition. Dizziness is often difficult for patients to describe and therefore, the investigation into it requires a lengthy history and physical examination.
The history will cover multiple possible medical illnesses and the neurological examination will observe the patient at rest as well as their ability to follow simple movements during testing. Diagnostic testing such as MRI or CT scanning may be required to determine the underlying cause of dizziness. Since dizziness can have various etiologies, other specialists (e.g., cardiology or ENT) may be required.
- Peripheral vestibular disorders – Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), Meniere’s disease, vestibular neuritis, cervicogenic dizziness, and cholesteatoma
- Acoustic neuroma
- Blood flow irregularities
- Cardiovascular problems
- (Category Not Applicable)
- Physical therapy
- Balance training
- Vestibular therapy
- Medication – diuretics, antiemetics, antihistamines, and anti-anxiety medications